India’s only active Volcano – Barren Island

Located 139 kms NE by the sea from Port Blair – the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar islands, Barren Island, the small 3-km-wide island, is the only active volcano in India. It has a 1.6-km-wide crater about half kilometer away from the shore, partially filled by a cinder cone – the source of eruptions. Most of the volcano is underwater.


According to a scientific research, it could be at least 1.8 million years old. It has history of eruptions reported in 1787, 1789, 1795, 1803, 1852, 1991, and 1994. The eruption in 1991 lasted six months and caused some damage. The most recent eruption was on May 2, 2006. Due to these eruptions, it experiences the strange tremors.
Barren Islands gets its name as it is uninhabited by humans. However, one can find goats, birds, bats, and rats surviving the harsh conditions of the region.
[media-credit name=”Image Credit:” align=”aligncenter” width=”512″]Barren-Island-Volcano[/media-credit]


The island is accessible only to Coast Guard and naval ships maintaining regular patrol in the area.The island can be visited by chartered boats only with the permission of Forest Department. Foreigners are restricted to on-board vessels only, and landing ashore is not allowed. One can view the island in Sea Plane through aerial view. Barren Island is preserved and protected as a niche tourist destination to bring in more revenue to the nation. You can also contact the authorities with the help of following contact information:

Port Blair Ticketing Counter Ph: +91-(0)3192-244312

Controlling Officer,Sea plane Operation Ph:+91-95318-28222

Havelock Island Controlling Officer,Sea plane Operation, Havelock Ph:+91-95318-28333

Diglipur Island Controlling Officer,Sea plane Operation, DiglipurPh:+91-95318-28444

One can also write to [email protected]

Gautam Trehan

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