List of famous temples in Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar, also called the city of Lord Shiva, is the topmost tourist place of Odisha and India as well. Bhubaneswar is another name of Lord Shiva. The Golden triangle of Orissa comprising Bhubaneswar, Puri and Konark. Bhubaneswar is the city abounds in temples and an ancient architectural legacy. It is the capital city of Odisha, and ancient capital city of the Kalinga Empire during the 7th to 11th century. It is said that this place was one of Shiva’s favourite place where he liked to spend time.
It is said that once there were more than 7000 temples in the Bhubaneswar alone. Still, there are more than 700 survived temples in and around Bhubaneswar. Most of the temples in the city belong to the Lord Shiva, hence called the city of Shiva, some of them belong to Lord Vishnu. Most of the temples were built around 8th-12th centuries AD.
These temples depict the carving of Shiva and other deities, erotic couples and voluptuous women; exterior is decorated with the figures of several gods and goddesses, religious scenes, and various animals and birds. Some of these temples are really astounding for its carving and structure.
The temples of Orissa exhibit a majestic grandeur. Temples in Orissan usually consists of a sanctum, front porches, also known as jagamohana, usually with pyramidal roofs, a dancing hall (nata mandir) and a hall of offerings (bhog mandir).
Here is the list of famous temples in Bhubaneswar you must visit.
Lingraj Temple is the epitome of the Orissan temple architecture. It is a splendid Lord Shiva temple with 180 feet tall spire, un-carved granite lingam, and other 64 smaller shrines in the sprawling temple complex. Some part of the temple structure is even 1400 years old. There are mandap, garbhagriha. nat mandir and bhog mandir as a part of the temple complex.
Mukteshwar is another name of Lord Shiva, meaning “The Lord who bestows freedom”. Mukteshwar temple is famous for its exquisite stone archway. Temple shows the tales from Panchatantra.
This is another famous temple. Iron beam was first time used in the construction of Orissan School of Temple Architecture.
The Rajarani temple got its name from the red-gold colour of the local stone, Rajraniya used for its construction. This temple is not associated with any deity. Due to its erotic carving, temple is also known as the Khajuraho of the east or love temple. The temple is surrounded by serene scenic beauty to relax and spend some time.
There are four major sixty four yogini temples in India, two in Odisha and two in Madhya Pradesh. Yogini temple is one of the most impressive yogini temples among them dedicated to tantra. This temple is located in Hirapur, around 15 kilometers east of Bhubaneshwar. Locals are fearful of this temple and consider it mysterious. It has 64 stone yogini goddess figures carved on its inside walls, representing the 64 forms of the diving mother created to drink the blood of demons. Interestingly, the temple doesn’t have a roof. Legend has it that it’s because the yogini goddesses would fly out and roam around at night.
Parsurameswar Temple is considered the best preserved an early Orissan Hindu Siva temple. It is one of the oldest existing temples in the state from the Kalinga School of temple architecture. The temple is exquisitely carved with the intricate carvings of elephant and horse processions, human figure, floral motifs and the bust of Shiva. You can see the Shahastra lingam or the 1000 small lingams joined together at the corner of the courtyard.
The temple is one of the most prominent tourist attractions in the state of Odisha. The temple is maintained and administered by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as a ticketed monument.
Vaital Deul Temple
Vaital Deul temple or Baitaḷa Deuḷa is 8th century tantric temple. Striking feature of this temple is the shape of its sanctuary tower. This temple is dedicated to Tantric devotion and teaching, and also dedicated to goddess Chamunda, known as the Tantric form of Goddess Durga portrayed as the slayer of Mahisasura. The temple base is below ground level. The outer walls are full of carvings of Hindu deities, mostly Shiva, Parvati.
Due to its association with tantric activities and goddess Durga, this temple is a Shakti shrine or Shakti Peeth.The temple is also locally known as “Tini Mundia Mandira”.
Another name or Lord Shiva is Kedareswar who resides in the Kedar. Kedareswar Temple is one of the eight Astasambhu Temples.
According to the legends “There lived a couple named Kedar (male) and Gouri (female). They loved each other and decided to marry. The society was against the union, so it led them to flee from village. During the journey Gouri felt hungry, so Kedar went for food and was killed by a tiger. Later Gouri hearing this at this place jumped into the pond. The king of Utkal, Lalatendu Keshari, knowing this raised a temple named Kedareshawr or Kedargouri Temple. Still lovers come here to pray for a happy wedlock without any obstacles. The pond here is said to have some medicinal property (Source: Wikipedia)”. It is also said and believed that sip of water from this tank absolves the drinker from the cycle of birth and death.
Near the temple there are two kunda (water source) ‘Khira Kunda’ and ‘Marichi Kunda’. The water of Khira Kunda is whitish and extremely hygienic and digestive for which it is carried to different places for drinking purpose. The water of Marichi Kunda is sold on Asokastami day by auction and it taken by sterile women who want to conceive. Every year during Shital Sasthi, Lord Lingaraja (Shiva) takes his marriage procession from Lingaraj temple to Kedar Gouri and there he gets married to Devi Parvati. (source: indiantemplesinfo.com).
Swarna Jaleshwar Temple
It is one of the ancient Shiva temples in the city of Bhubaneswar with beautiful depictions of the epic Ramayan.
Rock Edicts of Ashoka
Rock Edicts of Ashoks is situated at Dhaulagiri Hills, popular attraction and the location of the war of Kalinga, 8 km south of Bhubaneswar. It is just after this deadly war that Ashoka turned to Buddhism. The Edicts are a collection of 33 inscriptions, carved on pillars, big boulders and caves.
Ananta Vasudeva Temple
This is one of the few temples totally dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the city of Bhubaneswar built in 1278 AD by Rani Chandrika Devi. The presiding deities in this temple are Lord Balaram, Lord Jagannath and their sister Subhadra.
According to the legends, “It appears that the original image of Vishnu was worshipped on the spot where the great temple of Ananta Vasudeva was built in the 13th century A.D. Thus in the 13th century, Queen Chandrika of Eastern Ganga dynasty was prompted to construct a new temple – the temple of Anata Vasudeva in this place. There must have been an old temple where this Vishnu image was installed. The Marathas, who extended their empire up to river Mahanadi, were responsible for renovating the Vishnu temple at Bhubaneswar in the late 17th Century (source: Wikipedia).”