Is Bread Good for Health? Origin, Nutrition and Few Facts
Origin of Bread:
Bread is said to be in existence since the civilization when as a main crop barley and wheat were grown on major scale. They used to grind these grains and make dough and roast this dough over a fire in the form of raw bread. Our predecessors used to do a lot of labor and hard work on daily basis for the living. Life in those days depended on physical strength. Hence, this savory and tasty food was the main source of energy for their family. These days, life is far more comfortable and we’re less active so we may don’t need as many calories as they did.
So, is bread good for health, let’s read more.
Nutritional Value of Bread:
Bread is a form of carbohydrates and a main source of calories (energy). It is rich in dietary fiber, vitamin B and an antioxidant called Polylysine a cancer-fighting compound created during a chemical reaction that takes place while baking. It is said to be good food for people with diabetes due to carbohydrates such as whole-grain; and even provides protection against cardiovascular disease. Whole-grains bread even strengthens the immune system and help control weight.
The following nutrition information is provided by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) for one slice of whole wheat and white bread.
|Whole Grain Bread||White Bread|
So is bread good for health? With all its nutritional value bread is definitely good for health.
These vitamins and minerals are stripped away during the manufacturing process which removes the bran (outer layer of the grain which contains fiber, vitamin B and other minerals). Manufacturing process also removes the second germ layer which is rich in Vitamin E and fatty acids.
Bread nowadays is generally made from processed refined grains, to make it soft and mushy, where whole grain is no longer intact. You should always check the ingredients list before buying bread. Look for the term “100% whole-grain” or “100% whole-wheat” on the package.
Your Daily Dose of Energy:
Bread is eaten in various combinations and also the most eaten breakfast world over due to ease in availability and quick to eat. Bread is the body’s go-to source for energy. Eating bread provides your body with adequate fuel to start your day on a healthy note. If you happen to visit any bread factory you will find the mixture of grains, yeasts and water baking in the oven producing a very nice aroma even people living around the factory can smell it.
So you know pizza crust very well but there is a crust in the bread too. You must have noticed a brown edge around a slice of bread; this is called ‘crust’. It is a result of being exposed to the oven’s heat for an extended period of time.
Variety of Bread:
There are various types of bread varieties found nowadays. However, still there are mainly three popular types among common people.
Brown bread is prepared from 100% whole wheat rich in fibre and nutrition and low in calories. Brown bread suits people focusing on weight maintenance and looking to trim down some weight.
White bread is usually prepared using ‘Maida’, just like Maggi, with very less fiber content and contains more calories. Due to high portion of calories, the white bread is suitable for people who need to pump up their energy levels such as kids, younger and active people or sports person. White bread can quickly raise your blood sugar levels so people with diabetes should watch it.
Whole Grain Bread:
Then there is whole-grain bread which is high in calories, fiber and insoluble fiber which promotes digestive health. Whole grain bread provides health and weight loss benefits simultaneously. As study says, eating foods with fiber easily makes you feel full and satisfied reducing your hunger.
How much bread one should eat?
As we already discussed, today we are not that much physically active and we don’t need that much calorie. It is better if you keep the portion low as required by your routine else you’ll eat a lot of unnecessary calories that your body will store as fat.